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Treatments for Depression

Exploring Most Effective Treatments for Depression in 2023

Writen By: Faiza Saifur
Reviewed By: Huma Khan
Publish Date: July 27, 2023

Treatments for depression are like special tools that can help bring back happiness. In life, sometimes we feel sad or down. It’s normal to have ups and downs. But for some people, those sad feelings stick around and make everything harder. That’s called Depression

The good news is that depression is treatable and, hence, has treatments that can make things better and bring back happiness. We’ll explore different ways to treat depression, like talking to someone who understands, taking special medications, and trying other helpful techniques. Let’s start our journey to learn about these treatments for depression and find light for a brighter future.

Table of Contents

Key Takeaways!  

Seek Professional Help: If you or somebody you know is experiencing depression, reach out to a qualified healthcare professional. They can provide a proper diagnosis and develop a personalized therapy plan tailored to each individual’s needs.

Explore Therapy Options: Different types of therapies, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy (IPT), and psychodynamic therapy, can be effective in managing depression. Talking to a therapist can help examine emotions, create management skills, and foster self-awareness.

Consider Medication: In some cases, medication may be prescribed to assist balance brain chemistry and relieve depressive symptoms. Always follow the prescribed dosage and communicate any concerns with your healthcare provider.

Embrace Lifestyle Changes: Engaging in regular exercise, maintaining a balanced diet, getting enough sleep, and practicing mindfulness can support overall mental well-being and complement other treatments for depression.

Natural Remedies and Herbal Supplements: While some herbal supplements, like St. John’s Wort and omega-3 fatty acids, may have potential benefits, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before using them as they can interact with other medications.

Don’t Dismiss Alternative Treatments: For severe or treatment-resistant depression, consider alternative treatments like electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) under professional supervision.

Build a Support System: Surround yourself with understanding and supportive friends, family, or support groups. Connecting with others can provide emotional support and reduce feelings of isolation.

Monitor Progress: Keep track of your treatment progress and communicate openly with your healthcare provider about any changes in symptoms or concerns.

Patience and Persistence: Recovery from depression takes time, and it’s usual to experience ups and downs along the way. Be patient with yourself and stay committed to the treatment plan.

Reach Out for Help: Don’t be afraid to ask for help. Depression is treatable, and there are resources available to support you on your journey to improved mental health and well-being.  

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Treatments for Depression.

Depression is a mental health condition that affects millions worldwide. While medications are often prescribed to manage symptoms, psychotherapy has risen as a powerful and effective treatment for depression. By addressing the underlying causes and helping individuals develop managing techniques, psychotherapy offers hope and healing to those fighting this sickening condition.


A range of therapies referred to as psychotherapy (also known as talk therapy)  assists a patient in recognizing and altering frustrating feelings, ideas, and actions. The majority of psychotherapy sessions include a patient and a certified mental health doctor meeting privately or in a group setting with fellow patients.

There are a variety of reasons why you might want to try out psychotherapy, that includes:

  • Managing extreme or persistent stress brought on by a career or family circumstances, the death of a loved one, or marital or relationship issues.
  • Experiencing symptoms that have no medical cause, including disturbances with sleep or appetite, poor energy, a lack of interest or enjoyment in things you used to like, chronic anger, extreme worries, or a continuous feeling of despair or pessimism.
  • Assisting a family member or kid who has been diagnosed with a mental health problem.
  • A medical professional’s examination can aid to confirm that there isn’t a physical health problem that could account for symptoms. This phase is crucial since symptoms, such as a change in mood or problems staying focused, may be caused by a medical illness.

Several approaches to psychotherapy have shown effectiveness in treating depression. Here are four widely used methods:

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT): 

A talking treatment called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) assists you in managing your issues by changing the way you think and act.

Although it can be helpful for various mental and behavioral issues, it is most frequently used to treat depression.

CBT focuses on recognizing and modifying negative thought patterns and behaviors that cause depression. It helps individuals challenge misinterpreted thinking, develop healthier mental patterns, and develop practical skills to manage symptoms effectively.

The core concept of CBT is the idea that your emotions, thoughts, bodily sensations, and behaviors are all linked and that having unpleasant ideas and feelings can keep you stuck in negative patterns.

By dividing up big issues into smaller ones, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) seeks to help you cope with them in a way that is beneficial to you.

You are shown how you can change these negative behaviors to make them better. CBT addresses your present difficulties instead of concentrating on matters from past years, in contrast to certain other talking therapies.

It searches for interesting strategies to enhance your mood.

Interpersonal Therapy (IPT): 

IPT targets the individual’s relationships and social interactions as contributors to depression. By addressing conflicts, improving communication skills, and establishing healthy boundaries, IPT aims to rid depressive symptoms and enhance interpersonal functioning.

What is the process of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT)?

IPT’s basic concept is that symptoms of mental illness may be seen as a reaction to present issues in relationships with others.

IPT addresses four key areas: 

  1. Relationship disagreement that causes tension and unhappiness.
  2. People’s thoughts about themselves and others are impacted by changes in their lives, such as the loss of a job or the birth of a baby.
  3. The emotions of loss and grief.
  4. When people discover efficient methods for resolving their interpersonal conflicts, their symptoms frequently get better.

Psychodynamic Therapy: 

The psychological causes of emotional pain are the main priority of psychodynamic therapy. Its defining characteristics include reflection on oneself, self-assess, and making use of the patient’s relationship with the therapist as an insight into the patient’s dysfunctional relationship patterns. Its objective is to assist individuals in leading better lifestyles in addition to resolving the most evident symptoms.

Psychodynamic therapy investigates how past experiences and unconscious disagreements influence current emotions and behaviors. By delving into unresolved issues, traumas, and patterns of relating, this therapy helps individuals gain insight, resolve inner conflicts, and foster personal growth.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy that was initially developed by psychologist Marsha M. Linehan in the late 1980s. It was originally designed to help individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) who struggled with intense emotions, self-destructive behaviors, and difficulties in interpersonal relationships.

DBT incorporates elements of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) along with other components, such as mindfulness and acceptance-based strategies. The therapy focuses on four main modules:

  • Mindfulness: This module involves learning to be aware of the present moment without judgment. Mindfulness techniques are used to improve emotional regulation and distress tolerance.
  • Distress Tolerance: DBT helps individuals develop healthier ways of coping with distressing situations rather than resorting to self-destructive behaviors.
  • Emotional Regulation: Clients learn skills to identify and manage intense emotions, helping them to decrease emotional vulnerability.
  • Interpersonal Effectiveness: This module focuses on improving communication and relationship skills, helping individuals build and maintain healthier relationships.

How is Psychotherapy conducted?

Therapy may benefit both children and adults and can be provided in an individual, family, couple, or group context. Sessions last 50 to 60 minutes on average once each week. Psychotherapy requires active participation from the patient as well as the therapist. To collaborate successfully and benefit from psychotherapy, a person and his or her therapist must have a trusting connection.

Psychotherapy can be either short-term (a few weeks to months), addressing more pressing difficulties, or long-term (months to years), addressing enduring and complicated problems. The patient and therapist negotiate the treatment’s objectives, length, and frequency jointly.

What are the Benefits of Psychotherapy:

Identifies Root Causes: 

Psychotherapy delves into the underlying causes of depression, allowing individuals to gain self-awareness and figure out the factors that have caused their depression.  

Personalized Approach: 

Psychotherapy recognizes that each individual’s understanding and requirements are unique. Therapists tailor treatment plans to address specific concerns and goals, ensuring a personalized approach that promotes long-term well-being.


Psychotherapy equips individuals with practical tools and strategies to manage symptoms and navigate life challenges. By learning effective problem-solving techniques, stress management skills, and healthy coping mechanisms, individuals gain resilience and improved emotional regulation.

Empowerment and Self-Efficacy: 

Engaging in therapy empowers individuals by fostering a sense of agency and control over their mental health. By actively participating in their treatment, individuals develop a sense of self-efficacy and a belief in their ability to overcome depression.

Holistic Healing: 

Unlike medication, psychotherapy addresses the whole person, encompassing their emotions, thoughts, relationships, and life experiences. This comprehensive approach contributes to lasting changes and improved overall well-being.

So to conclude, Depression can cast a long shadow over one’s life, but psychotherapy offers a beacon of hope. By providing a compassionate and supportive environment, psychotherapy empowers individuals to understand the root causes of their depression, develop healthy coping strategies, and create lasting changes in their lives. If you or someone you know is struggling with depression, consider reaching out to a mental health professional to explore the transformative potential of psychotherapy. Remember, help is available, and recovery is possible.


Medication for the treatment of Depression:  

When it comes to treating depression, medication can play a vital role in alleviating symptoms and restoring a sense of well-being. Prescribed by healthcare professionals, these medications are designed to target the chemical imbalances in the brain that contribute to depression. While medication is not a one-size-fits-all solution, it can be a valuable tool in the comprehensive treatment of depression.

Psychiatrists or primary care physicians commonly prescribe medication for depression. These medications work by balancing the levels of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and norepinephrine, in the brain. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that help transmit messages between brain cells, and imbalances in these chemicals can lead to depressive symptoms.

Types of Medications for Depression Treatment:

Several classes of medications are commonly used to treat depression.  

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): 

They are frequently recommended along with talking therapies like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to treat depression, especially chronic or severe situations.

SSRIs, such as fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), and escitalopram (Lexapro), are among the most commonly prescribed antidepressants. They work by increasing the availability of serotonin in the brain, which helps regulate mood.

Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs): 

By altering the neurotransmitters (chemical messengers) that brain cells utilize to interact with one another, SNRIs reduce depression. Similar to other antidepressants, SNRIs alleviate depression by eventually affecting shifts in brain chemistry and interaction in neural networks known for controlling mood.

SNRIs, including venlafaxine (Effexor) and duloxetine (Cymbalta), target serotonin and norepinephrine. By inhibiting their reuptake, SNRIs help enhance mood and reduce depressive symptoms.

Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs): 

TCAs, such as amitriptyline (Elavil) and nortriptyline (Pamelor), are older antidepressants. They work by increasing the levels of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. TCAs are generally used when other medications have been ineffective or when specific symptoms are present.

Atypical Antidepressants: 

Atypical antidepressants, such as bupropion (Wellbutrin) and mirtazapine (Remeron), work by targeting different neurotransmitters or receptors in the brain. They may be prescribed when other medications have not been effective or when specific symptoms, such as sleep disturbances or weight changes, are prominent.

The Benefits of Medication:

Symptom Relief:

Medication can provide significant relief from depressive symptoms. Many individuals experience improvements in mood, appetite, sleep patterns, and overall energy levels with the appropriate medication.

Balancing Brain Chemistry:

Depression is often linked to imbalances in neurotransmitters. Medication helps restore these imbalances, allowing for improved communication between brain cells and an uplifted mood.

Enhanced Effectiveness with Therapy:

Medication can work synergistically with psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The combination of medication and therapy has been shown to provide better outcomes in some cases, addressing both the biological and psychological aspects of depression.

Support during Difficult Times:

Medication can be especially helpful during particularly challenging periods, providing stability and support when coping with depression becomes overwhelming.

Improved Quality of Life:

By reducing the intensity of depressive symptoms, medication can improve an individual’s ability to engage in daily activities, maintain relationships, and enjoy life.

Important Considerations:

While medication can be highly effective, it’s important to keep a few considerations in mind:

Individual Variations:

Different medications work differently for each person. Finding the right medication and dosage may involve some trial and error.

Side Effects:

Like any medication, antidepressants can have side effects, which vary depending on the specific medication. It’s essential to communicate any side effects to your healthcare provider so they can adjust your treatment plan if needed.

Monitoring and Communication:

Regular check-ins with your healthcare provider are crucial to evaluate the effectiveness of the medication and manage any side effects. Open and honest communication about your symptoms and experiences is vital for optimizing your treatment.

Gradual Adjustment:

Some medications may take several weeks to reach their full effect. It’s important to follow the prescribed treatment plan and give the medication enough time to work before making any adjustments.

So to conclude, Medication can be an invaluable tool in the treatment of depression, helping to rebalance brain chemistry and alleviate the debilitating symptoms of this condition. When used under the guidance of a healthcare professional, medication can contribute to a more stable mood, improved daily functioning, and an overall enhanced quality of life. If you are experiencing depression, it’s essential to consult with a medical professional who can assess your condition and determine the most appropriate treatment approach, which may include medication as part of a comprehensive treatment plan. Remember, there is hope, and with the right support, you can find relief and embark on a path toward recovery.

Alternative Treatment Approaches for Depression.

In addition to standard approaches such as medication and psychotherapy, there is a growing recognition of the value of alternative therapies( used instead of medical treatment) in the treatment of depression. These complementary methods offer individuals additional tools and strategies to address their symptoms, enhance overall well-being, and promote a sense of empowerment. While these therapies may not replace conventional treatments, they can serve as valuable adjuncts to existing approaches.

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a specialized therapy option that is considered a form of therapy for specific mental health conditions, including severe depression that has not responded to other treatments. ECT involves delivering controlled electric currents to the brain to induce a brief seizure.ECT is effective in relieving severe depression symptoms.

ECT is generally administered under anesthesia and in a controlled medical setting by a team of healthcare professionals. It is considered when other treatments, such as medication and psychotherapy, have not been successful, or when a rapid response is needed due to the severity of the depression or the presence of other complicating factors.

It’s important to note that ECT is a specialized and carefully regulated treatment, and the decision to pursue this therapy is made on a case-by-case basis in collaboration with a healthcare professional. The potential risks, benefits, and alternative options should be thoroughly discussed with a qualified healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment approach for an individual’s specific circumstances.

Light therapy.

Light therapy, also known as phototherapy, involves exposure to bright artificial light, typically from a lightbox or light therapy lamp. used for specific conditions, such as seasonal affective disorder (SAD), which is a type of depression that occurs during certain seasons, typically in the fall and winter months when natural sunlight is reduced.

The light mimics natural sunlight and is believed to help regulate circadian rhythms and boost mood. It is often used along with other treatments, such as medication or psychotherapy, to rid symptoms of depression related to seasonal changes.

Light therapy is not recommended for all types of depression, as its effectiveness is primarily linked to the specific symptoms and patterns of seasonal depression. Therefore, it may not be mentioned as a general type of psychotherapy, but it is indeed an important therapeutic approach for managing seasonal affective disorder and related mood disturbances.

Mindfulness and Meditation:

Mindfulness and meditation practices have gained significant attention for their ability to reduce stress, enhance self-awareness, and cultivate a sense of inner calm. By focusing on the present moment and developing non-judgmental awareness, individuals with depression can learn to better manage negative thoughts and emotions. Mindfulness-based interventions, such as Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), have shown promise in reducing depressive symptoms and preventing relapse.

Exercise and Physical Activity:

Regular exercise has been shown to have a positive impact on mental health, including depression. Engaging in physical activity promotes the release of endorphins, neurotransmitters associated with improved mood. Exercise can also provide a sense of accomplishment, increase self-esteem, and serve as a healthy distraction from negative thoughts. Activities such as walking, jogging, dancing, or participating in sports can be effective in managing depression and improving overall well-being.

Art Therapy:

Art therapy harnesses the creative process to explore emotions, reduce stress, and enhance self-expression. Engaging in art-making activities, such as painting, drawing, or sculpting, can provide an outlet for individuals to communicate their feelings and experiences non-verbally. Art therapy offers a safe and supportive environment for self-reflection, allowing individuals to gain insights, process emotions, and develop new perspectives on their challenges.

Music Therapy:

Music has a unique ability to evoke emotions and create a sense of connection. Music therapy involves engaging with music under the guidance of a trained therapist to address emotional, cognitive, and social needs. Through listening, creating, or playing music, individuals with depression can experience stress reduction, emotional release, and improved self-awareness. Music therapy can be particularly beneficial in enhancing mood, increasing motivation, and promoting relaxation.


Acupuncture, an ancient Chinese healing practice, involves the insertion of thin needles into specific points on the body. It is believed to restore the balance of energy flow, known as Qi, within the body. Some research suggests that acupuncture may help reduce depressive symptoms by stimulating the release of endorphins and affecting brain chemistry. As with any therapy, it’s important to consult with a qualified acupuncturist to determine if acupuncture is a suitable option.

Are there any herbal supplements used for the treatment of depression?

Here are a few herbal supplements that have been studied for their potential benefits in depression:

St. John’s Wort (Hypericum Perforatum): 

St. John’s Wort is one of the most widely studied herbal supplements for depression. Some research suggests that it may be effective in mild to moderate depression, although results have been mixed. It is thought to work by increasing the levels of certain neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine, in the brain.

Saffron (Crocus Sativus): 

Saffron is a spice derived from the Crocus Sativus flower and has been traditionally used in culinary and medicinal practices. Some studies have shown that saffron extract may have antidepressant effects, potentially comparable to certain antidepressant medications. However, more research is needed to establish its efficacy and optimal dosage.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids: 

Omega-3 fatty acids, commonly found in fatty fish (e.g., salmon, mackerel, sardines) and certain plant sources (e.g., flaxseed, chia seeds), have been associated with mental health benefits. Some evidence suggests that omega-3 supplementation, particularly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), may be helpful as an adjunct to other depression treatments. It is believed that these fatty acids play a role in brain function and inflammation regulation.

S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe): 

SAMe is a naturally occurring compound involved in various biochemical processes in the body. It has been studied for its potential antidepressant properties. Some research suggests that SAMe may have comparable efficacy to certain antidepressant medications, particularly in individuals with mild to moderate depression. However, it can interact with other medications, so professional guidance is crucial.

Remember, the use of herbal supplements should be approached with caution. Their efficacy, dosage, and potential side effects can vary, and they may not be suitable for everyone. Consulting with a healthcare professional who is knowledgeable about herbal remedies is important to ensure their safe and appropriate use in managing depression.

FAQS about the treatment for Depression.

What are the main treatment options for depression?

The main treatment options for depression include psychotherapy (such as cognitive-behavioral therapy), medication (such as antidepressants), and in some cases, a combination of both.

How long does it take for antidepressant medication to work?

The timeframe for antidepressant medication to take effect varies for each individual. It can range from a few weeks to a couple of months. It’s important to continue taking medication as prescribed and communicate any concerns or lack of improvement with your healthcare provider.

Can therapy alone be effective in treating depression?

Yes, therapy alone can be effective in treating depression, particularly for mild to moderate cases. Therapy helps individuals develop coping strategies, change negative thought patterns, and explore underlying issues contributing to their depression.

Are there any natural remedies or lifestyle changes that can help with depression?

Engaging in regular exercise, maintaining a healthy diet, getting adequate sleep, practicing mindfulness and meditation, and having a strong support system can help manage depressive symptoms. However, it’s important to note that these lifestyle changes and natural remedies should complement, not replace, evidence-based treatments. Consult with a healthcare professional for guidance.

Can I stop taking medication once I start feeling better?

It is essential to follow your healthcare provider’s guidance regarding medication. Abruptly stopping medication can lead to withdrawal symptoms and potentially worsen your condition. Your provider will help determine the appropriate duration for medicines and discuss the process of discontinuing them safely.

Are there alternative treatments for individuals who do not respond to standard therapies?

For individuals who do not respond to standard therapies, alternative treatments such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), or ketamine infusion therapy may be considered. These treatments are typically used in cases of severe or treatment-resistant depression and require professional evaluation and supervision.

How long does treatment for depression typically last?

The duration of treatment for depression can vary. Some individuals may experience relief from symptoms within a few months, while others may require longer-term treatment. It’s important to work closely with your healthcare provider to determine the appropriate duration of treatment based on your specific needs and progress.


It is crucial to remember that each person’s journey with depression is unique, and what works for one individual may not work for another. Seeking professional help from qualified healthcare providers, such as therapists, psychiatrists, or primary care physicians, is vital in obtaining an accurate diagnosis and tailored treatment plan.

While therapies like psychotherapy, medication, and lifestyle changes are commonly used, alternative or complementary approaches such as art therapy, music therapy, or herbal supplements may also be considered. However, it is important to discuss these options with healthcare professionals, as their efficacy and safety can vary.

Remember that depression is a treatable condition, and there is hope for recovery. With proper support, understanding, and the right combination of treatments, individuals can manage their symptoms, regain their well-being, and improve their overall quality of life.

If you or someone you know is struggling with depression, don’t hesitate to seek help. Reach out to healthcare professionals, support hotlines, or trusted individuals in your life who can provide guidance and support. You are not alone, and there are resources available to assist you on your journey to mental health and happiness.